Frank Lloyd Wright: A Twentieth-Century Life (Up Close)

  • 303 pages
  • English
  • Hardcover
Frank Lloyd Wright: A Twentieth-Century Life (Up Close)

ᥐ Frank Lloyd Wright: A Twentieth-Century Life (Up Close) free download Frank Lloyd Wright: A Twentieth-Century Life (Up Close) ᦛ Ebook By Jan Adkins ᧕ Jan Adkins has written, illustrated, and designed than thirty five books He lives in California.1 DARKNESS AND LIGHTFRANK LLOYD WRIGHT wrote An Autobiography in 1932 A better title might have been An Invention He disregarded the facts and reinvented his own life as a kind of fable to explain how he became so greatthough at the time he had very few projects and was deeply in debt In this fable about himself he rearranged events as he thought they shouldhave been.In An Autobiography he tells us he was born on June 8, 1869 But the birth records of Richland Center, Wisconsin, show he was born June 8, 1867.Wright gives us the wrong ages for his mother and father, mistakes his fathers full name, and even lies about his own name Why lie Perhaps telling the absolute truth got in the way of his storytellers flourishes Or perhaps he enjoyed fooling people he took a sly delight in twisting facts.His mother, Anna Lloyd Jones, was usually called Hannah She was a tall, broad shouldered woman with a plain face Anna and her five brothers and four sisters were part of the sturdy Lloyd Jones clan The family had come from Wales to settle and farm a Wisconsin valley with rich soil and hard winters Like her sisters, she was a teacher.When she was twenty seven, close to an age when some might call her an old maid, she married William Carey Wright He was forty one William was raising two young sons and an infant daughter after his first wife died He was a handsome, gentle man with a powerful mind and extraordinary gifts He taught, read poetry, sang, composed music, and played Bach, Brahms, and Beethoven on several instruments He was a lawyer and a preacher known for his oratory, the art of making speeches.Anna and Williams first child together was given the name Frank Lincoln Wright Lincoln was a popular name in the United States in 1867 both the Wrights and the Lloyd Joneses were northern anti slavery families, and President Lincoln, the Great Emancipator who freed the slaves, had been dead only two years.Frank in 1874, age seven.The couple had two children together, Jane and Margaret Ellen, but by the time Meg Ellen arrived, the Wright household had become dark and angry.Wrights boyhood, like the rest of his life, was checkered with patches of darkness and light, depression and happiness What happened to his family The twisted tales in his autobiography say one thing The facts from records and other witnesses tell a different story Between the two stories, we can see how upset and confused young Frank must have been.Some family stress came from moving William Wright shifted from place to place when he took new jobs as a music teacher or a minister in Baptist churches Naturally, his family went with himthey went off to Iowa, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, then back to Madison, Wisconsin.Some stress came from poverty William was charming, intelligent, and artistic, but he couldnt make much money The United States was having a bad time after the Civil War wages were low, money was tight Preacherseven fine orators like Williamwere genteel poor who often lived on the charity of their church members In 1878 the family returned to Madison, near Annas brothers and sisters in Spring Green Relatives gave the family some welcome support Annas brother James, concerned about the children, made a forty mile wagon trip with a milk cow tethered to his tailgate so that they could have fresh milk every day.These stresses might have been soothed, but not by Anna Wright She had an uneasy mind and a furious temper At first she was kind and motherly to her stepchildren but in only a few years she changed She began to beat Williams children by his first wife and terrify them Their aunts and grandparents were afraid she would harm them seriously The Wright relatives took in all three of William Wrights older children, in family homes away from Anna William wrote to them and saw them whenever he could Anna was glad they were gone to her, they no longer existed.Its curious that Frank Lloyd Wright was nothing like his mothers family The Lloyd Jones brothers were big and brawny but he was small and light, so much like his father Like William he was handsome, intelligent, witty, a natural orator and a great musician But Frank never acknowledged his fathers heritage, not even the plain fact that Williams gifts had encouraged him to be a remarkable pianist He never learned to read music but he had an extraordinary ear, and for the rest of his life music was an integral art of Franks life But never a word about his father.Most lives have patterns that turn up many times Denying anyones influence is a pattern you can see throughout Wrights life Over and over he denied getting any idea, style, shape, or method from any other person Everything came from the miraculous mind of Frank Lloyd Wright Other architects were influenced by him, he proclaimed, but he was never influenced by them He denied being influenced by world events or discoveries Wright believed that he was a pure spring of original thoughts.Its impossible not to admire his brass certainty and loud praise of himself No one is immune from influences, good and bad Other artists acknowledge the influence of teachers and examplesnot Frank Consistently he claimed total originality with his rogues grin.In contrast to the dark anxiety of his family home, there was the soft light of the Lloyd Jones valley The gentle hills of Wisconsin, the growing seasons, and the clean, crisp winters delighted Wright He fell in love with land and weather The country rhythms of plowing, planting, tending, and harvesting became part of his philosophy.Growing up in the Lloyd Jones valley made being close to farmland essential to Wright All his life he was a country architect, even when he built in cities He wanted all of us to return to our roots in the fields by making our houses and even our cities part of the forests and farms.But he was not a happy farmer.Frank was enchanted by the abstract beauty of natureblossoms and sunsetsbut repelled by cow dung and dirty work.Anna, a seasoned farm girl, almost worshipped her handsome son, but feared that he was becoming too soft In the summers she sent Frank to Brother James All the Lloyd Joneses were called brother or sister, and Frank continued addressing friends in this way through his life At Brother Jamess farm, Franks blond curls were cut short, overalls replaced his dapper clothes He rose at four in the summer dark to help milk the cows He described farm work as adding tired to tired and adding it again.The beauties of nature described in poetry sounded fine, but grunting hogs and clucking chickens didnt sound as good or smell as sweet Real life on a farm had too much sweat, blood, and dirt.Frank tried to run away many times The Lloyd Jones clan was sensible, tough, and content with the gritty needs of farm life They brought him back and set him to work again.Dark and light Adoration from his mother, friction between Frank and his father The tense house in the city of Madison for the winter, the beautiful valley in the summer But this wasnt a simple good bad situation the anxious winter house was a place of rest, books, and music, while the beautiful summer farm was a place of labor and long hours.Music was a light in his boyhood and through his life At seven he pumped the organ while his father practiced In his autobiography Wright expands this simple chore to a cruel punishment, something like being a galley slave But the music must have seeped into him through the organ pump handle Wright became a gifted pianist who always had expensive usually unpaid for grand pianos wherever he lived In the narrow periods between Anna Wrights tantrums the family would sing around the piano.Anna was larger than her husband by several inches There were periods of deep depression when she locked herself in her room for days Then she flew into violent rages She shouted at William, threw things, called him names, beat him, and eventually refused to be near him.The Lloyd Jones clan understood that she was not a mentally healthy woman and decided on a practical, though stern, family solution they asked William to move away The gentle man understood that it was the best he could do for his younger children He packed a few books and instruments and left He did not abandon his wife and children but was sent away in deep sadness Frank was about sixteen A few years later William heard that Anna was accusing him of desertion To set the record straight and protect his reputation, William asked for a legal divorce The court agreed that Anna had abused him, and the marriage was ended in 1885.Frank never saw his father again Though William had been loving and kind, Frank refused any connection with him for nineteen years William Wright died in 1904, when Frankstill stubbornly blaming his father for the familys troubleswas thirty seven years old His half brothers and sister tried to contact him several times, but he saw them only once, many years later Like Anna, Frank could erase people from his thoughts without difficulty.In his autobiographyperhaps even in his mindit was his father, not his mother, who had become stern and angry No one elsenot Williams friends, his other children, nor even the Lloyd Jonesessaw him this way, yet Annas violent behavior was obvious to everyone Still, the autobiography retells Annas tale of William deserting his family and concocts a fairy tale reason for Williams desertion because Anna concentrated all her attention and affection on Frank.Its true that Anna was obsessed by her beautiful son She spoiled him, gave him special treats, dressed him like a young lord, and praised him constantly An Autobiography tells us that his mother hung framed pictures of great cathedrals on the walls of his nursery so her infant son could absorb their beauty She was determined that he would become a great architect The truth, once again, is less romantic In their tiny house Frank didnt have a nursery, and its doubtful if Anna hung the prints of cathedrals on any wall Franks belief in the prints are probably a storytellers way of emphasizing his mothers devoted attention, which was real enough.One concrete thing Anna did for her son was encourage his interest in art As a teacher, she had discovered the German educator Friedrich Froebel He had devised a fine way of interesting children in graphic patterns and geometry a system of shapes in fascinating wooden tiles squares, triangles, circles, bars, arcs He called them the Froebel Gifts Anna found a set of the Gifts for Frank and also stocked his playroom with colored paper, paste, pencils, and cardboard The shapes of those Gifts stayed with him The pleasure of drawing seeped into his fingers The stark beauty of geometry lodged in his eyes.Anna stayed with Frank constantly all her life, wherever he went, seldom living than a few hundred yards away Her clinging, day by day attention never faltered Neither did her arguments and interference He praised his mother publicly, but she irritated and exasperated him He let his sister Jane care for her when she was old When she died he didnt bother to attend the funeral. 2 FOUNDATIONSEVERY ARCHITECT LEARNS that the first and most important part of a buildings structure is its foundation, its level and secure connection to the earth The rest of the structure is connected to this strong base The strength of a building depends on it.To the Lloyd Jones clan, learning was a foundation for the future In this, Frank was a disappointment.Anyone could see that he was smart, and he read every book he could find But he was a hopeless student His grades were awful In high school he dropped out of school repeatedly His mother and auntsall teachersencouraged him to work harder Without a good record, how could he enter a good university This practical logic didnt persuade him Most of all, following someone elses path didnt appeal He was offended that teachers would tell him what and how to learn.At eighteen Frank Lloyd Wright he had changed his middle name to reflect his part in the Welsh clan dropped out of high school for the last time, without graduating His record of grades and attendance was a ruin He had decided, however, that he was going to become an architect Ignoring the guidelines and requirements for students at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, he entered as a special student Without discipline or study skills, it was predictable that he would bomb.In his autobiography, Wright suggests that he attended the University of Wisconsin in engineering studies for over three years, dropping out just before graduation because the degree simply wasnt important to him.What wasnt important to him was the education itself He dropped out after three semesters, little than a year, failing in most of his classes The only degrees Frank Lloyd Wright ever received were honorary doctorates, many years later He entered the profession of architecture without a thimbleful of architectural education As strange as it seems to us, his ignorance may have been a lucky break.To understand Frank Lloyd Wright and how much he accomplished, we need to understand how architecture stood just before 1900.Mark Twain and Dudley Warner called this period the Gilded Age They probably meant that we were showing off to Europe that America was no longer a crude backwoods culture however, our attempts at elegance achieved merely fake, shallow opulence Our culture was gilded, not gold The dress and design of the time were heavy with decoration, ruffles, details Nothing escaped decorationsilverware, stoves, clocks, toilets Most decoration was in the classic style, using symbols and themes from Rome, Greece and Egypt.At that time architecture was also classic Its forms came from antiquity Great blocky buildings rose on American streets, unlike anything in Rome, but their surfaces were crowded with Roman columns, arches, details, and vases copied from ancient ruins.The architecture of the late nineteenth century had rules of style, and the authority was a school in Paris, the cole des Beaux Arts The best architects of Europe, Britain, and America were educated there Their work was similar and shared a basic approach.Most public buildings were built up in layers that represented the march of architectural fashion from Greece to Rome The layers expressed orders of style The Doric order on the bottom was the oldest and had least decoration The Ionic order was next It carried decoration and its columns had capitalssculptured forms at their tops Above Ionic and Doric, the Corinthian order was the fanciest, its columns capped with complex sculptures of stone leaves Designing a building like this was a problem in fitting the orders and their parts to the size and function of the structure, inside and out A nineteenth century architect might take great pride in adapting the style and details of ancient Roman baths in Taranto to a courthouse in Zanesville, Ohio.For residential architecturehomesthe style book had a few pages In the United States some native styles had developedthe New England saltbox and Cape Cod cottage, the southwestern adobe, the sod house of the Great Plains, the shotgun house in the South But these common homes were beneath the concern of society architects They had their own list of classic styles Greek Revival, Romanesque, Tudor, Queen Anne Prospective homeowners chose a style that reflected their tastes or their position in society and hired architects who specialized in that style.Most of the great homes in the United States were based on ancient designs George Washingtons beautiful home, Mount Vernon, was a wooden structure designed to look like a Greek stone structure Monticello, Jeffersons delightful home, was designed in brick and wood using Greek and Roman features.The theory was that architecture had reached its perfection in Greece and Rome The best that could be hoped was that a new building would share some of the old classic grace Architectural historians wrote about the divine harmony in classic architecture, the balance between simple forms and complex repetition of patterns. Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation Frank changed the way we build and live Wikipedia born Lincoln Wright, June , April was an American architect, interior designer, writer, educator, who designed Familie trouwde driemaal en vader van vier zonen drie dochters Ook adopteerde hij Svetlana Milanoff, de dochter zijn derde vrouw Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre naci el seno una familia pastores origen britnico,y pas buena parte su infancia y adolescencia granja Wisconsin, Wikipdia n le juin Richland Center dans Wisconsin et mort avril Phoenix Arizona, est un architecte concepteur amricain Center, giugno Phoenix, aprile stato architetto statunitense, tra i pi influenti del XX secolo Leben Herkunft, Ausbildung, Angestellter wuchs im lndlichen auf und studierte ab der University of verlie diese aber ohne wolna encyklopedia w a c FLW, ur czerwca stanie zm kwietnia stan USA in Oak Park, Illinois Illinoisis home to world s largest collection buildings houses, with structures built between Jan Adkins Jan raised West Virginia Ohio, around Wheeling He spent lot time wandering woods his St Clairsville Top profiles LinkedIn View professionals named on LinkedIn There are Adkins, use exchange information, ideas, Teacher Trainer Assistant profile LinkedIn, professional community has jobs listed their See complete woodenboatstore is designer explainer how things work Profiles Facebook people Join Facebook connect others you may know gives power share Profielen Bekijk profielen mensen met naam Word lid om contact te komen anderen die je mogelijk kent And Biography IMDb His father sheet metal contractor mother housewife attended public school Books by Author Thomas Edison books Goodreads ratings most popular book Edison Results for Book Depository Discover Depository huge selection online Free delivery worldwide over million titles Adkins All customers get FREE Shipping orders shipped Show results Books Frank Lloyd Wright: A Twentieth-Century Life (Up Close)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *