Rush: Revolution, Madness, and Benjamin Rush, the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father

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Rush: Revolution, Madness, and Benjamin Rush, the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father

ዞ Format Kindle ರ Rush: Revolution, Madness, and Benjamin Rush, the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father free download ጷ ePUB Author Stephen Fried ፩ 1Benjamin Rushs first unwelcome noise in the world rang out from a second floor bedroom of the stone farmhouse in Byberry, northeast of Philadelphia, on Christmas Eve, 1745.His cries were heard downstairs in the first floor common room, where the Rush family had been gathering at the hearth for three generations The room had gone from a place for conversations about wolves and bears and snakes in the first settlement of the farm to a place for discussions about cows, and calves and colts and lambs, and the comparative exploits of reapers and mowers and threshers, as Rushs grandfather had shifted from simple farming to metalwork, and Rushs father, John, developed as a talented blacksmith and gunsmith.The news of Benjamins birth was greeted with thanks to God The Rush family were pious people, their conversations infused at all times with prayers and praises, and chapters read audibly from the Bible.The Rushes were also quietly defiant people An old sword hung in the farmhouseand in every subsequent place Benjamin Rush livedthat had been carried into battle by his great grandfather, John, a horse trooper in Oliver Cromwells army during its fight against the Crown in the English Civil War The family had left the Church of England to become Quakers, then fled England for America with William Penn in 1683 There they split off from their original Quaker group of Byberry Friends in 1691, before departing Quakerism altogether to become Baptists, and eventually circling back around to the Church of England.Benjamin Rush was the fourth of seven children and the second eldest son His father, John, was quiet and stolid, and what he lacked in formal education he made up for with hard work and a talent for observation and combinationan ability to understand people and connect dots that others didnt even see While he didnt talk a lot, what he said was often notable Rushs mother remembered that when their children began to speak, her husband said, The first words of a child, and the last words of a saint, are the sweetest music in the world Rushs mother, Susanna Hall Rush, was five years older than John and came from a affluent family in nearby Tacony She had attended boarding school in Philadelphia and was considered a woman of a very extraordinary mind, full of energy and insight She had been married once before, a pairing recalled as unfortunate and full of misery, ending with her husband dying young of extravagance and intemperance.Rush spent the first several years of his life on the family farm, with his older brother James, his sisters Rachel and Rebecca, and a younger brother, Jacob five children born over seven years Susanna raised them with help from her daughter from her previous marriage, a cook, and several farmhands Rushs strongest memories of the farm were of the apple orchard his father cultivated, and a small but deep creek abounding with pan fish The boys fished, shot and hunted, learning respect for the guns their father made and repairedflintlock pistols, muskets, and the new American long rifle.Rush was a thin, sturdy boy, with light colored hair, expressive blue gray eyes, a long nose, and a thin lipped mouth that he almost never shut He was aggressively curious about facts, opinions, Scripture, and people, to the point of seeming intellectually and personally nosy He was clearly precocious but was not as serious minded as his parents would have liked Those who knew me at that time, he recalled, would remember me only as an idle, playful, and I am sorry to add, sometimes a mischievous boy.Besides the farm in Byberry, John Rushs family owned property in Philadelphia, thirteen miles southwest down the Delaware River There was demand there for his talents, so he began working in the city, setting up shop in a building his mothers family owned Eventually he decided to leave the farm and move his family from the serene countryside into what was becoming the largest city in the American colonieswhere life was percolating, screeching, and reeking of whichever way the wind was blowing.Philadelphia had just overtaken Boston as the most populated city in America, with over fifteen thousand of its 1.2 million inhabitants, and Pennsylvania was becoming the most powerful American colony The city was in the midst of an American style Enlightenment, much of it instigated, or at least personified, by the celebrated Benjamin Franklin Tall and solidly built, with long, light brown hair and a wide, easy smile, Franklin was now in his early forties As a teenager, he had moved to Philadelphia from Boston, gotten involved in the printing business, and founded the famed Junto, a combination salon and debating society that became a cornerstone of free thinking and the propagation of what he called useful knowledge He then helped create a successful newspaper, the Pennsylvania Gazette, wrote and published the contagiously quotable Poor Richards Almanac, and began using his powers of civic persuasion to convince fellow citizens to help him build new institutions, including the first volunteer fire company, the first fire insurance company, and the first public library In 1748, with change still coming too slowly for him, he retired from his printing business to dedicate his life to scientific study, politics, and civic entrepreneurship.The Rush family arrived in town in the late 1740s, just as some of Franklins most ambitious and transformative projects were coming to fruition Thanks to his efforts herding rich and smart people, Philadelphia suddenly had the nations first secular college and its first public hospital in his spare time, Franklin had just published a paper proposing to prove lightning was electricity by experimenting with a kite in a storm.John Rush settled his family in a house at number 82 N Front Street, just a block north of the citys main commercial thoroughfare, its spinal cord The wide avenue had originally been named High Street, like the main street in most English cities But because William Penn had designed a large outdoor market to run up its center, with stalls that were busy year round, everyone referred to the street as Market The produce sellers were often called the Jersey Market, because so many of them brought produce and animals across from New Jersey on barges On either side of Market Street were many of the citys main stores and business offices, including, on the 300 block, Franklins print shop and home.Just north of Market on Second Street was Christ Churchthe citys largest and most prestigious, at that time affiliated with the Church of England Franklin worshipped there on Sundays in his familys reserved pew While Rushs mother was Presbyterian, and had been raising the children in her faith on the farm, when they moved into town John had the family join Christ Church in part because it was the right thing to do for business Benjamin Rush was baptized there and it was the first place he ever heard divine worship.Just south of Market on Chestnut at Fifth was the Pennsylvania State House, the seat of government for the commonwealth Because political business was booming, too, the colonial assembly had decided to expand the building, with an addition topped off by the citys tallest structure its first major clock tower with a new bell, the largest in the colonies, which would be used to mark time, sound for official meetings, and ring out for fires and other emergencies.Just across the way from the Rushs front door was the vast port of Philadelphia itself, the most active and profitable in America It was crowded with boats from around the colonies and the world, which arrived there by sailing south, below the southern tip of New Jersey, and then up through Delaware Bay to the river Philadelphia was bounded by another, smaller river to the West, the Schuylkillbut that was thirty blocks from the Delaware, almost in the countryside, and therefore much less of a thoroughfare A tributary of the Delaware, the Dock Creek, flowed into the city around Spruce Street and served mostly as an open sewer and a place for local tanneries and other businesses to dump their waste.John Rushs blacksmith shop was on the first floor of a three story redbrick building, and the family lived upstairs Benjamin enjoyed the sounds and tactile pleasures of his fathers heavy iron tools and the flintlock rifles and pistols he built and repaired It didnt take John long to build up his business and men were carrying guns instead of swords, so demand was good, and he developed a dependable reputation As a child, Benjamin Rush often heard that one of the highest compliments you could receive in the neighborhood was to be told you were as honest as John Rush.John and Susanna Rush had two children in Philadelphia a daughter, Stephenson, who died within a year, followed by a son, whom they named John But not long after the birth of his namesake, in the summer of 1751, John Rush unexpectedly died He was only thirty nine years old, and his mischievous son Ben as he was called then was only five and a half Almost nothing is known about John Rushs death, and his son never speculated on what illness took him He only related that his death was peaceful and happy and the last words he uttered were Lord Lord Lord Lord Weeks after her husbands death, Susanna Rush also lost her new baby Father and son were buried together, on August 19, 1751, in one grave at the Christ Church burial ground And Susanna Rush, then forty four, was left to raise three boys and two girls ranging in age from four to twelve Her situation became grim when it became clear her husband had not left her enough money to support the family and school the children.That fall, while settling his estate, she was forced to rent out his shop space and sell off his blacksmithing tools She also offered for sale several people she could no longer afford, beginning with a likely negroe woman who has had the small pox and measles, as she advertised in the Pennsylvania Gazette In an expanded version of the advertisement, two months later, she offered to be sold two Negro women, one of which has two children, can do all manner of house work and is fit for both town or country business.These ads suggest that, at some point, either Susanna or her husband had inherited or bought slaves, at least one of whom might have been with them back on the farm An ad several years later when Rush was nine shows her selling two servants One of them is described as a white lad who has upwards of three years to servewhich means he was probably an indentured servant, his exclusive employment paid and contracted for over a set period of time The other, a twenty seven year old Negroe womanan excellent cook, understands a dairy very well, and is fit for a gentlemans country house, was likely a slave.Benjamin Rush never mentioned that his family owned slaves when he later started writing passionately against the practice But these women were likely the first slaves he knew as a child, and they helped raise him They certainly informed his earliest ideas about slavery and raceas did living a block and a half from the main slave auction stand for Philadelphias port, located in front of the Indian King Tavern, on Market just past Second It wasnt far from Rushs house, and he may very well have been able to hear the auctions from his bedroom window.With the proceeds from the estate sale, Susanna Rush opened a store around the corner on the south side of Market Street, four doors below Second Her shop didnt have a name, just a sign painted with what appeared to be a comet, so its location was at the Sign of the Blazing Star Numbered addresses were uncommon most stores oriented themselves by proximity to landmarks and street corners The store at the Blazing Star sold food and liquors, both wholesale and retail, and became fairly successful.Susanna quit Christ Church and began worshipping instead at the Presbyterian meeting house two blocks away on Fourth Street It was led by forty nine year old Rev Gilbert Tennent, a rousing Irish born evangelical orator who, like his father before him, was considered part of the spiritual Great Awakening in the colonies Besides her preference for Tennents fiery sermons, the switch probably had something to do with the fact that her younger sister, Sarah Hall, had married a close friend of Tennents, the Rev Samuel Finley After a period on the pulpit, Reverend Finley had left to start a boarding school in Maryland, the West Nottingham Academy, which was a favorite of well to do Philadelphia families.Tennent seemed like a good father figure and role model for her boys And Reverend Finleys boarding school, if she could save up the money to pay for it, would offer them a chance for a prestigious religious and secular education, under the watchful eye of family.This was especially important for Benjamin, who even at age six was demonstrating what some called a genius for learning He had an astonishing memorynot only amazing recall but an ability to make subtle connections that was even pronounced than his fathers Susanna felt certain that Benjamin would benefit from boarding school, imagining that he might be inspired to join the clergy himself someday and spread the gospel She expected her youngest son, Jacob, to go to boarding school as well However, she apparently did not have similar optimism for her eldest son, James Six years older than Benjamin, he was, Rush recalled, a young man of promising character who was much afflicted with a nervous disease after his fathers death his physicians advised a sea life, so he left home as a teen to work on ships.Susanna Rush worked hard to keep her household going and scrape together the money to send Benjamin and Jacob to school, building up her business and eventually buying another building on the other side of Market Street to open a china shop She raised her family without a husband for nearly four yearsalong with a cook and a servant and her daughter from a previous marriage And she prospered, as one of colonial Philadelphias few female entrepreneurs.She was not, however, as fortunate in love as in business In 1755 she married a local distiller, Richard Morris, who Rush recalled as rough, unkind and often abusive to her Luckily, by the time the new husband arrivedor perhaps because of his arrivalBenjamin and Jacob were away at school.The West Nottingham Academy was sixty miles from Philadelphia, near where the Susquehanna River crosses from Pennsylvania into Marylanda bucolic setting far from city life The school building was a simple log structure, near the large stone mansion house where the headmaster, Finley, lived with his wife, Rushs Aunt Sarah, and their children Over the next five years Benjamin and Jacob lived in the mansion as well, along with all the other boys studying at the academy Between family, students, and employees, there were generally about thirty people on the West Nottingham grounds, all committed to the moral education of young men.Fried makes the case, in this comprehensive and fascinating biography, that renaissance man Benjamin Rush merits attention.Fried portrays Rush as a complex, flawed person and not just a list of accomplishments a testament to the authorial thoroughness and insight that will keep readers engaged until the last page Publishers Weekly, starred reviewA welcome biography of a Founding Father who became a prominent revolutionary and signer of the Declaration of Independence, then surgeon general of the Continental Armyrenowned in the annals of American medicine as a pioneer of medical education and the treatment of the mentally ill.A complete portrait of a complex manwho excited attention and controversy in his day but then fell into the shadows Fried does well to restore him to history KirkusFrieds reclamation of this important, overlooked American founder is an invaluable addition to American history collections and a solid recommendation to biography fans BooklistThe best books are full of surprises Rushhas of them than any historical biography I have read in ages It is vast and sumptuous and brings to life Founding Father Benjamin Rush in full technicolor Too long ignored, Rushs varied andmercurial brilliance puts him smack in the company of such figures as Adams and Jefferson and Washington and Hamilton with one exception he is interesting than any of them He revolutionized medicine He revolutionized healthcare He revolutionized life Fried draws it all out with his usual perfect pitch of reportage and writing What a grand feast and feat Buzz Bissinger, author of Friday Night Lightsand A Prayer for the CityBenjamin Rush is best known as the founding father the famous founders wrote to Stephen Fried, in this fascinating biography, shows us why we need to reconsider, and pay attention to a man whose talents rivaled Franklins, opinions equaled Adamss, and facility with language approached Jeffersons.H.W Brands, author of The First American and Heirs of the FoundersStephen Fried has written a gem of a bookthe riveting story of a Founding Father who is too often forgotten In this magnificent work, Benjamin Rush gets the biography he deserves, and readers get an expertly researched, splendidly written account of a brilliant, influential man and the times in which he lived Jonathan Eig, author of Ali A LifeAn engrossing exploration of a founding father whose life sheds new light on the American Revolution, as well as on the ongoing challenges of civil rights and mental healthcare in this country I had no idea how much Rush helped to shape our young nation and how urgent his voice remains today Anyone who cares about our past and futurepolitically, medically, spirituallyshould read this masterful biography Congressman Patrick J Kennedy, co author of A Common StruggleAn important and fascinating account of a relatively neglected yetcritical Founding Father Benjamin RushSurgeon General of the ContinentalArmy, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and Jefferson s choice formedical advisor to the Lewis and Clark Expeditionis alsoacknowledgedas the father of American Psychiatry for his study and treatment of the mentallyill Stephen Fried brings to life Rush s extraordinary political and medicalcontributions, as well as the times in which he lived.Kay Redfield Jamison, author of An Unquiet Mind and Robert Lowell Setting the River on Fire Benjamin Rush Patriot and Alyn Brodsky s well written biography of gives the reader a completely different perspective on Revolution is referenced by many other All Games All Online at AddictingGames Addicting largest source best free online games including funny games, flash arcade dress up internet shooting Dr The Founding Father Who Dr Who Healed Wounded Nation Harlow Giles Unger Books David Library American Revolution Lectures Events On Wednesday, October PM Washington Crossing Historic Park Visitor Center, David and RUSH FM RUSH FM By Terence Newton corporate military industrial complex in process deploying upon all civilians millimeter wave technology linked to weapons Diane Piccitto, Aftermath the In , British radicals interpreted early events French mythic terms, as signs that cataclysmic event, akin Christian Rush A Brief History Time courtesy Cygnus Presented here collection old articles interviews which I ve dubbed items reflected below were provided Trump Judgment Syria Chemical Trump Chemical Attack We need hard evidence about what happened Douma before threatening war Sports Apparel, Jerseys Fan Gear at Fanatics ultimate sports apparel store Shop Our features Football, Baseball, Basketball Jerseys, T shirts, Hats for community Y, Games, kids, school, This solution having fun Pop Culture References from Power chronological listing known literary theatrical productions inspired Rush, occurences references pop culture excludingThing Beauty Stephen Fried Thing FREE shipping qualifying offers At age seventeen, Gia Carangi was working counter her father Stephen Foster Restaurant Bardstown, Kentucky are casual, buffet style restaurant specializing southern country cooking has been business over years love serving Fried Coke Wikipedia or Deep Soda frozen Coca Cola flavored batter deep fried then topped with syrup, whipped cream, cinnamon sugar, cherry Mobile Device Security Comprehensive Guide Mobile Guide Securing Your Information Moving World Dashi Dashi food truck Charleston, SC Asian Latin fusion dishes Southern Stings Southern Created Barry Poznick John Stevens Charles Steenveld Lambert Eli Holzman Diane Best Directed Peter Herschko Starring Define Dictionary definition, cooked pan griddle direct heat, usually fat oil See Frank Thought Leadership From offices strategically located world principal financial centers, serves counsel companies, German Goodies Recipe Newsletter Dec german recipes, Make your own Sauerkraut, Sauerbraten, Wienerschnitzel, Rouladen, Bratwurst What Is comics you can t unsee Jos Youngs Miguel Torres have seen he future, it ME Well, Weapon Brown, actually, why they featured that, extension yours an award winning journalist selling author who teaches Columbia University Graduate School Journalism Pennsylvania stephenfried Twitter latest Tweets BenjaminRush bio also Appetite America, Beauty, Bitter Pills, New Rabbi, Home Facebook K likes books America,Thing Beauty,New Rabbi,Bitter Husbandry,A Common Struggle teach J Department Chemistry Johns native Kansas City He received two SB degrees MIT chemistry physics completed his doctoral training Stanford under Penguin Random House York Timesbestselling Profielen Bekijk de profielen van mensen met naam Word lid Facebook om contact te komen en anderen die je mogelijk Official website website fanclub pagina Oficialus svetain ir fan klubo puslapis Ofici l m jas lap un Director Of Business Development het profiel op LinkedIn, grootste professionele ter wereld heeft functies zijn haar House Speakers Times bestselling author, Author Beauty investigative journalist, adjunct professor Journ Rush: Revolution, Madness, and Benjamin Rush, the Visionary Doctor Who Became a Founding Father

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